The classical music is the music western scholarly (as opposed to the popular music), from the Renaissance to the present.
The term classical music also refers to music written approximately between 1750 and 1820.
Classical and popular music
The currents of music are numerous (religious Gregorian chant, then profane music with troubadours, baroque music …). According to the dictionary, classical music is music worthy of being studied and reproduced: it is “great music”. It must last, it is written in a directory. Popular music is a simpler music, less coded, composed directly by the performers, it changes according to fashion. This definition is simple but the currents of music being numerous, the classification in classic or popular is not always possible.
Before 1600, we do not give names to the currents, but the music did exist. The first scores the work of priests and monks; this religious music was sung in Christian places of worship. It was called the Gregorian Chan.
Then, it was composed for great lords on themes of chivalry. Recited by troubadours, it was the first type of secular music.
The oldest style of music named is the baroque music that goes from 1600 to 1750. It is inspired by popular dances such as jig, gavotte, and minuet. Then it was the classical period from 1750 to 1820. Then came romantic music (1820-1900), and finally modern music (1900-1970) and contemporary music (after 1950).
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Classical composers include Joseph Haydn, Bach, Edward Grieg, Johannes Brahms, Antonin Dvorak, Mozart, Richard Wagner, Gustav Mahler, Anton Bruckner, Richard Strauss, Antonio Vivaldi, Robert Schumann, Frederick Liszt, Chopin, and Johann Strauss. In the XX the century classic still exists with Bela Bartok, Sibelius, Prokofiev, Igor Stravinsky, and Sergei Rachmaninov. The contribution of jazz marks composers like Maurice Ravel or George Gershwin.
The classical period
The classical period goes from about 1750, the death of Johann Sebastian Bach, to 1820. It is part of the artistic movements of classicism. She abandons the basso continuo, and adopts new instruments (clarinet, fortepiano …) to the detriment of those who currently characterize the baroque era (viols, harpsichord, organ, lute, thermo …).
This is the period when musical rules are enacted. Thus we define the different musical forms, and some are particularly used:
The string quartet;
The symphonic music with a whole orchestra;
The concerto (orchestra accompanied by a soloist)
and especially the sonata , where a single instrument plays a music divided into three parts: the exhibition, the development, and the re-exposition